The number of incidents of hate crimes against gays, lesbians and other LGBT individuals is said to be increasing, according to a report by the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs. Women and minorities of LGBT identity are the most frequent targets of hate crimes based on gender or orientation.
Half of attacks on LGBT people go unreported, report says
A new report on incidents of hate crimes targeting LGBT-identified persons has been released by the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs, according to the Los Angeles Times. The report indicates the number of hate crimes targeting such individuals rose by 13 percent in 2010. There were 27 homicides of people who were openly or perceived lesbian, gay or transgender in 2010, according to the NCAVP, up from 22 in 2009. The report estimates 50 percent of all hate crimes are not reported to police. Many people in the LGBT community say police are not sympathetic toward hate crimes committed against them, according to the South End, the student newspaper of Wayne State University in Michigan. South End reports 61 percent of LGBT hate crime victims who did report incidents said police officers had been indifferent or abusive.
Minorities targeted most often
Most violent hate crimes such as assaults or murder oft LGBT were carried out against people of non-white ethnicity. Of those that were murdered, 70 percent were minorities and 44 percent were transgender women. The perpetrators were mostly white, heterosexual males. Ethnic minorities and transgender individuals were the least likely to report crimes to police, saying police are more dismissive of their claims. According to the Washington Times, the LGBT community in Washington, D.C., raised similar concerns about the Metropolitan Police Department in the nation’s capital after hate crimes against LGBT individuals rose in the city over 2010. Police Chief Cathy Lanier said she was shocked and hurt that people felt that way. There has been a 36 percent rise in overall hate crimes in D.C. since the start of this year, though the rise in D.C. hate crimes wasn’t confined to LGBT individuals.
Most bias crimes are racially motivated, says FBI
The most common reason for hate crimes, also called bias crimes, is race, according to statistics from the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The FBI releases annual reports on hate crimes. In 2009, more than 2,000 agencies nationwide reported 6,604 hate crimes to the FBI, of which 3,199 were racially motivated. There were 1,223 reported hate crimes motivated by sexual orientation in 2009, according to FBI data. However, the FBI also reports that there were only eight murders among all hate crimes in 2009. Given that the NCAVP reports 22 murders of LGBT individuals in 2009, there could be drastic inaccuracies in national hate crime statistics. Not all law enforcement agencies report hate crimes to the FBI as such.
Los Angeles Times: http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-lgbt-hate-crimes-20110713,0,3199857.story
The South End: http://thesouthend.wayne.edu/index.php/article/2011/07/report_13_percent_increase_in_reported_antigay_violence
Washington Times: http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2011/jul/6/dc-cops-feckless-on-bias-crimes-gays-say/?page=1
Hate crime data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation: http://www2.fbi.gov/ucr/hc2009/index.html
Incidents of hate crime: http://www2.fbi.gov/ucr/hc2009/data/table_01.html
Types of hate crime: http://www2.fbi.gov/ucr/hc2009/data/table_02.html
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